时间:2017-12-28 12:57:15 贡献者:陈小默happy

导读:新目标英语七年级下册知识点总结 Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?1, 情态动词+V 原 can do= be able to do 2, Play+ the+ 乐器 +球类,棋类 3, join 参加社团、组织、团体 4, 4 个说的区别:say+内容 Speak+


新目标英语七年级下册知识点总结 Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?1, 情态动词+V 原 can do= be able to do 2, Play+ the+ 乐器 +球类,棋类 3, join 参加社团、组织、团体 4, 4 个说的区别:say+内容 Speak+语言 Talk 谈论 talk about sth talk with sb talk to sb Tell 告诉,讲述 tell sb (not)to do sth Tell stories/ jokes 5, want= would like +(sb)to do sth 6, 4 个也的区别:too 肯定句末 (前面加逗号) Either 否定句末(前面加逗号) Also 行前 be 后 As well 口语中(前面不加逗号) 7, be good at+ V-ing=do well in 擅长于 be good for 对„有益 (be bad for 对„有害) be good to 对„友好 (good 可用 friendly,nice,kind 替换) be good with 和„相处好=get on/ along well with 8, 特殊疑问句的构成:疑问词+一般疑问句 9, How/ what about+V-ing „怎么样?(表建议) 10,感官动词(look, sound, taste, smell, feel)+adj/ like 11,选择疑问句:回答不能直接用 Yes 或者 No,要从中选择一个回答 12,students wanted for school show(wanted 表示招募,含有被动意义) 13,show sth to sb=show sb sth give sth to sb=give sb sth 14,help sb (to)do sth Help sb with sth With sb’s help= with the help of sb Help oneself to 随便享用 15,be busy doing sth/ be busy with sth 16,need to do sth 17,be free= have time 18,have friends= make friends 19,call sb at +电话号码 20,on the weekend= on weekends 21,English-speaking students 说英语的学生(带有连词符,有形容词性质) 22,do kung fu 表演功夫 Unit 2 What time do you go to school? 1, 问时间用 what time 或者 when At+钟点 at 7 o’clock at noon/ at night(during/ in the day) On+ 具体某天、星期、特指的一天 on April 1st on Sunday on a cold winter morning In +年、月、上午、下午、晚上 2, 时间读法:顺读法 逆读法:分钟≤30 用 past five past eight(8:05) half past eight(8:30) 分钟>30 用 to a quarter to ten(9:45)第 1 页 共 8页

整点用 „o’clock 7 o’clock(7:00) 3,3 个穿的区别:wear 表状态,接服装、手套、眼镜、香水等 Put on 表动作,接服装 Dress 表动作,接 sb/ oneself get dressed 穿衣 3, 感叹句:How+adj+主谓! How+adj+a/an +n 单+主谓! What+ a/an +adj+ n 单+主谓! What+ adj+ n 复/ 不可数+主谓! 4, from„to„ 5, be/ arrive late for 6, 频度副词(行前 be 后) Always usually often sometimes seldom hardly never 7,一段时间前面要用介词 for for half an hour for five minutes 8, eat/ have„ for breakfast/ lunch/ dinner/ supper 9, either„or 10,a lot of=lots of 11,it is +adj+for sb +to do sth (adj 修饰 to do sth)It is important for me to learn English. it is +adj+of sb +to do sth (adj 修饰 sb) It is kind/ friendly/ nice of you to help me. Unit 3 How do you get to school? 1, 疑问词 How 如何(方式) how long 多长(时间)答语常用“ (For/ about +)时间段” how far 多远(距离)答语常用“ (It’s +)数词 +miles/ meters/ kilometers” how often 多久一次(频率)答语常用“Always/ often/ every day/„”或 “次数+时间”等表频率的状语 How soon 多快,多久以后,常用在将来时中。

答语常用“in +时间段” how many 多少(接可数名词) how much(接不可数名词) why 为什么(原因) what 什么 when 何时 who 谁 whom 谁(宾格) (针对宾语提问也可用 who) whose 谁的 2, 宾语从句要用陈述句语序 3, Stop sb from doing sth Stop to do 停下来去做其他事 Stop doing 停止正在做的事 4, what do you think of/ about„?= how do you like„?你认为„怎么样? 5, He is 11 years old. He is an 11-year-old boy. 6, many students= many of the students 7, be afraid of sth be afraid to do sth worry about be worried about 担心 8, play with sb 9, come true 10,have to do sth 11,he is like a father to me (like 像) 12,leave 离开 leave for 出发前往某地 13,cross 是动词 across 是介词 14,thanks for +n/ V-ing Thanks for your help/ thanks for helping me. Thanks for your invitation/ thanks for inviting/ asking me. Thanks to 幸亏,由于,因为 15,4 个花费:人+spend/ spends/ spent+时间/钱+(in)doing sth/ on sth第 2 页 共 8页

人+pay/ pays/ paid +钱+for sth It takes/ took sb +时间+to do sth 物+cost/ costs/ cost +sb +钱 16,交通方式 ●用介词。


①by +交通工具名词(中间无需任何修饰) By bus/ bike/ car/ taxi/ ship/ boat/ plane/ subway/ train„„ ②by +交通路线的位置 By land/ water/ sea/ air ③in/ on +冠词/物主代词/指示代词 +交通工具名词 In a/ his/ the car On a/ his/ the bus/ bike/ship/ train/ horse/ motorbike ④on foot 步行 ●用动词。


①take + a/ the +交通工具名词 take a bus/ plane/ ship/ train ride a bike ②walk/ drive/ ride/ fly to„„(后面接 here,there,home 等地点副词时,省略介词 to。

)如步行回家:walk home 17,名词所有格 一般情况加’s Tom’s pen 以 s 结尾加’ the teachers’ office ten days’ holiday 表示几个人共同拥有,在最后一个名词后加’s Mike and John’s desk 表示每个人各自拥有,在每个名词后加’s Mike’s and John’s desksUnit 4 Don’t eat in class. 1,祈使句(变否定在句首+don’t) Be 型(be +表语) ,否定形式:don’t + be +表语 Be quiet,please. Don’t be late! Do 型(实义动词+其他) ,否定形式:don’t +实义动词+其他 Come here,please. Don’t play football here. Let 型(let sb do sth) ,否定形式:don’t + let sb do sth 或者 let sb not do sth No+n/ V-ing No photos /mobile;No parking/ smoking/ spitting/ talking/ picking of flowers 2,in class 在课堂上 in the classroom 在教室 3,be on time 准时 4,listen to music 5, (have a)fight with sb 7, eat outside 8, Must 与 have to (1)must 表示说话人主观上的看法,意为“必须” 。

have to 表示客观的需要或责任,意为“不得不,必须” ,后接动词原词。

(2)must 没有人称,时态和数的变化 Have to 有人称,数,时态的变化,其第三人称单数形式为 has to ,过去式为 had to. 构 成否定句或疑问句时借助动词 do/ does。

(3)have to 的否定式是 needn’t=don’t / doesn’t have to (不必要) ;must 的否定式是 must not/ mustn’t(一定不能,不允许) 。

9, Some of„ 10,bring„to„ 11,practice (doing)sth 12,wash/ do the dishes 13,on school days/ nights 14,break/ follow(obey)the rules 15,Be strict with sb/ oneself be strict in sth 对„„严格。

16,too many“太多”修饰可数名词复数第 3 页 共 8页

too much“太多”修饰不可数名词 much too“实在太”修饰形容词或副词 17,make one’s/ the bed 18,get to, arrive in/at, reach,到达(如果后面接地点的副词 home,here 或 there ,就不用介词 in ,at, to) 19,remember/ forget+to do 要做 +doing 做过 20,have fun,enjoy oneself,have a good/ great/ wonderful time+V-ing Unit 5 Why do you like pandas? 1, 回答 why 的提问要用 because 2,Kind of 相当于副词,修饰形容词或副词,意为“稍微,有点” ,与 a little/ bit 相近 A kind of 意为“一种” ,some kinds of 意为“几种” ,all kinds of 意为“各种各样的” 。

这里的 kind 是“种,类,属”的意 思。

3,Why not =Why don’t you+V 原 你为什么不„? 4,walk on one’s legs/ hands on 意为“用„方式行走” 5,all day =the whole day 整天 6,来自 be/ come from where do they come from?=where are they from? 7,more than=over 超过 less than 少于 8,once twice three times 9,be in great danger 10,one of„ „之一 +名词复数 11,get lost 12,with/ without 有/ 没有 介词 13,a symbol of 14,由„制造 be made of 能看出原材料 be made from 看不出原材料 be made in+地点 表产地 15,cut down 砍到 动副结构(代词必须放中间,名词可放中间或者后面) Unit 6 I’m watching TV. 1,现在进行时 其结构为 be 的现在式(am, is, are)+ 现在分词(V-ing) 。

否定形式在 be 后面加 not,疑问式将 be 动词提前 2,动词-ing 形式的构成: 一般情况+ing;以不发音的 e 结尾的,去 e 加 ing;重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写辅音字母再加 ing 3, go to the movies 4, join sb for sth 与某人一起做某事 join us for dinner 5, live with sb live in+地点 6, other,another 与 the other Other “其他的,另外的” ,后接名词复数,有时 other+n 复数=others Another “又一(个) ,另一(个) ” ,泛指总数为三个或三个以上中的任意一个,后接名词单数。

The other“ (两者中的)另一个” ,常与 one 连用, “one„the other„”表示“一个„,另一个„” 7, talk on the phone 8, wish to do sth 9, Here is+ n 单 Here are+ n 复 Unit 7 It’s raining! 1. 询问天气的表达方式:第 4 页 共 8页

How’s the weather? What’s the weather like? 2, play computer gamesIt’s a raining/sunny day. It’s windy.It’s raining.3, How’s it/ everything going?=How have you been? 4, In/ at the park 5, Take a message for sb 替人留言 Leave a message to sb 给人留言 6, call sb back 7, right now,right away,at once,in a minute,in a moment,in no time 立刻,马上 8, right now 现在 9, over and over again 10,the answer to the question,a key to the door,a ticket to the ball game 11,by the pool 12,summer vacation 13,go on a vacation 去度假 14,write (a letter)to sb 15,反意疑问句(陈述句+附加疑问句) 反意疑问句中,陈述句用的肯定,后面的附加疑问句就要用否定;相反,陈述句用的否定,附加疑问句就要用肯定。

16,adj 以-ing 结尾“令人„的”exciting,interesting,relaxing 以-ed 结尾“人感到„的”excited,interested,relaxed 17,in the first picture 18,dry 干燥的 humid 潮湿的 be on a vacation 在度假 just now 刚刚(用于一般过去式)Unit 8 Is there a post office near here? 1,There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. There are +复数名词+地点状语. 谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致(就近原则) 。

There be 句型的否定式在 be 后加上 not 或 no 即可。

注意 not 和 no 的不同:not 是副词,no 为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相 当于 no+ n. There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首 There be 表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have 表示“某人拥有某物/某人” 2,问路:①Is/ Are there „„near here/ around here/ in the neighborhood? ②Where is/ are„„? ③How can I get to„„? ④Could/Can you tell me the way to„„ ⑤Which is the way to„„ 3,Across,cross,through,over Across 是介词, “横过,在对面”表示从物体表面穿过 Cross 是动词,相当于 go/ walk across Through 是介词,表示从物体中间或里面穿过 go through the door Over 是介词, “横过,越过”表示从物体上空越过,跨过 fly over第 5 页 共 8页

4,ask for help/ advice 5,in/ on the street 6,在某条大街上习惯用介词 on on Bridge Street 7,across from,next to,between„and„,behind 8,in front of 在„(外部的)前面→behind 在„后面 in the front of 在„(内部的)前面 9,be in town→be out of town 10,be far from 11,go/ walk along go straight go up/ down 12,turn left/right 13,on one’s/ the left 14,at the first crossing/ turning 15,sometimes 有时(频度副词) sometime(将来)有朝一日, (曾经)某天 Some times 几次,几倍 some time 一段时间(前面用介词 for) 16,free 空闲的 free time 自由的 as free as a fish 免费的 The best things in life are free. 17,enjoy doing 18,Time goes quickly. 19,表“一些”在肯定句中用 some. 在疑问句和否定句中用 any。

特殊用法:some 可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委婉请求的疑问句中。

any 也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。

Unit 9 What does he look like? 1, what does he look like?询问人长什么样, 回答: ①主语+be+形容词/ 介词短语 (he is tall/ of medium height) ; ②主语+have/has+ 形容词+名词(she has long hair) what does sb like?询问某人喜欢什么 2,多个形容词修饰名词 多个形容词修饰名词,一般关系近的靠近名词;音节少的在前,音节多的在后。

限定词+数词(序前基后)+描绘性形容词+大小、长短、高低+新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词 3,May be 为情态动词+动词原形,在句子中做谓语,maybe 是副词,表示可能,大概,一般放在句首。

4,a little,little 修饰不可数名词,a little 表示一点点,little 表示几乎没有 a few,few 修饰可数名词,a few 表示一点点,few 表示几乎没有 5, Find 强调找到的结果,look for 强调寻找的过程. 6,问职业:what do you do?=what is your job? 7,the same as→be different 8,long straight brown hair 9,最后 in the end(表事情结局)finally(强调次序)at last(强调经多番努力终于达成) By the end of 直到„„为止 At the end of 在„„末端/尽头 Unit 10 I’d like some noodles. 1, 名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词(不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数) 。


○ 1 一般+s;○ 2 以-s,-x,-ch,sh 结尾的名词+es;○ 3 辅音+y,把 y 变 i,再+es;○ 4 以-o 结尾的,有 生命的+es(negro—negroes;hero—heroes;tomato—tomatoes;potato—potatoes) ;无生命的+s;⑤以 f,fe 结尾的名 词,改 f,fe 为 v+es(leaf—leaves;knife—knives) (例外:roofs,chiefs)⑥单复数同形:sheep,deer.不规则变化: man—men;woman—women;child—children;foot—feet;tooth—teeth 等 2,would like sth. 想要某物 Would you like some …? 你想要一些……吗? ——Yes, please./ ——No, thanks.第 6 页 共 8页

would like to do sth. “想要做某事”。

Would you like to … ? 你愿意去做……吗? —Yes, I’d like / love to./—I’d like/ love to. But I’m too busy. would like sb to do sth “想要某人做某事”。

3,order:order food take/ have one’s order In order to 为了 In the order 按顺序 Order/ book a room 预定房间 Order sb(not)to do sth 命令 4,special 和 especial Special 特别的人或事物,特别的,特殊的,specials 特色菜;specially 专门地,特地 Especial 特别的,突出的,especially 特别,尤其 5, the number of 表示“„„的数量” ,后面接可数名词复数。

做主语时,主语是 number 而不是 of 后面的名词复数,因此谓语 动词要用单数; a number of 表示“许多” ,相当于 many, 后面接可数名词复数,做主语时,主语不是 number 而是 of 后面的名词复数, 因此谓语动词要用复数。

Number 前可用 large,great,small 修饰,不能用 little。

6,仍然,还:still(肯定句) Yet(疑问句、否定句) 7,one bowl of two bowls of 8,what size(+n)would you like? Large/ medium/ small 9,what kind of 10,大:big 体格大、笨重→small,little 形容具体的人或物 Huge 物体体积巨大=very big Large 物体面积、空间、范围、数量大→small 不修饰人 Great 重大事件或行为,伟大,具有感情色彩 11,肯定句中表并列用 and 否定句、疑问句中表并列用 or 12,around the world= all over the world 13,make a wish 14,blow out 15,in/ at one go 16,get popular 17,cut up(动副结构) 18,bring good luck to 19,different kinds of 20,be short of 缺乏 Unit 11 How was your school trip? 1,一般过去时 基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他; 否定形式:①was / were + not; ②在行为动词前加 didn't,同时还原动词; 一般疑问句:①Was/Were+主语+其他?②Did+主语+动词原形+其他? 2 ,动词过去式规则变化:直接加 ed ;以不发音 e 结尾的单词,直接加 d ;以辅音字母 +y 结尾的,变 y 为 i 加 ed ;以 元音字母 +y 结尾的,直接加 ed ;以重读闭音节结尾的,双写最后的辅音字母 +ed 不规则变化的动词过去式(见书本最后一页) 3, How was your school trip?= what was your school trip like? 4 , Go for a walk 5 , Milk a cow 6 , Ride a horse 7 , Quite a lot 8 , Show sb around 9 , 并列谓语的时态和数必须一致。

10 , In the countryside 11,after that第 7 页 共 8页

12,come out 13,go on school trip 14,along the way 15,buy/ get sb sth= buy/ get sth for sb 16,all in all 17,否定转移(主语为第一人称 I 或者 we 时)think,believe,suppose 18,be interested in +n/ v-ing 19,not at all 20,diary entry 21,Something 意为“某事,有些事” ; anything 意为“任何事,任何东西” ; everything 意为“每一件事” (其后的谓语动词要用单数) ; nothing 意为“没事,什么事都没有” 。

Unit 12 What did you do last weekend? 1, go+V-ing 与 do some +V-ing go+V-ing 表示“去从事某种活动” (一般指户外)go shopping/ swimming/ skating/ dancing/ skiing/ climbing/ camping/ hiking„„ do some +V-ing 表示“从事某种活动” (一般指室内)do some writing/ washing/ cooking/ cleaning/ reading„„ 2, go to the cinema 3, camp by the lake 4, study for a test study for the English test 5, work as a guide 6, living habits 7, stay up late 8, shout at sb 因生气或愤怒向某人吼叫; shout to sb 对某人大声叫喊,目的是让人听见 9, run away 10,fly a kite 11,adj 修饰不定代词 adj 要放后面 something important,anything interesting 12,take sb to„ 带某人去„„ 13,put up tents 14,make a fire 15,on the first night 16,each other 17,get a terrible surprise 18,finish doing 19,look out of„从„„朝外看(window,door„„) look out at sth 向外眺望„„ look out for 留神、注意、小心、关心 20,feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb do sth 强调整个过程 feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb doing sth 强调动作正在进行 21,jump up and down 22,wake up 23,so +adj +that +结果状语从句“如此„„以致„„” eg:I was so busy that I didn’t go to sleep for 3 days. The weather was so cold that they had to stay at home. The coat is so expensive that I don’t want to buy it. so that 引导目的状语从句,以便,为了(in order to) eg:they got up early so that they could catch the early bus.第 8 页 共 8页

I raise my voice so that I can make myself heard.第 9 页 共 8页